BRICS, development, rights and inequality
PAD understands that the VI Summit of Heads of State and of Government of BRICS, held in Fortaleza, Brazil, emphasizes the need for a new development model in contrast with the one embraced by the group members, which includes invading territories, violating rights and increased inequality.
Held in Fortaleza, the 6th BRICS Summit made the headlines all over the world. However, the popularity of the event did not translate into visibility for the unequality and the rights violations practiced by group members, which are usually ignored when it comes to their development model, focused on wealth concetration and power.
PAD has been struggling to raise awareness about the consequences of this development model promoted in Brazil, such as rights violations and increased inequality.
One of the highlights of the event was the announcement of the creation of a BRICS Bank. However, the question is: “Who are the BRICS about?” This bank may become not only a tool for China to spread its influence over the globe, but also another instrument for human and civil rights oppresion in the countries involved.
The institution will operate by approving projects, and its main goal is to finance infrastracture actions (such as hydroelectric power plants and the mining sector).
As for the governments, the BRICS arise as a block whose aim is to achieve greater incidence upon the international financial architecture. Still, in practice, the institution’s structure will bring no changes to the development model, which subjects Southern economies to the needs of transnational corporations.
Despite the attention given to sustainable development, the unwillingness to address issues such as social inclusion and sustainability is the main strategic challenge to the future of the block, as they expose the nature of the development model in the participating countries, based on great social inequality and intensive exploitation of natural resources.
In face of this scenarios, the BRICS citizens must demand that the group prioritizes a new path for development with emphasis on income and wealth distribution, valorization of work and salaries, strengthening of minority rights, setting limits to insatiable companies in the block who take over terreritories and disregard rights, and establishing means for social and environmental regulation for the financing offered by the new bank.
Instead of repeating the socioenvironmental disasters causes by national development banks, the infrastructure projects financed by the New Bank should priorize infrastucture for housing, health, education, support to production systems aiming at family and peasant agriculture, and many other urgent needs for the achievement of rights for majorities in the five countries.
Information extracted from: Articulação de Mulheres Brasileiras, Inesc, Rebrip, GRRI and the following texts: